The legend of St. Trifon

St. Trifon is considered in the Bulgarian folklore as the patron saint of vine-growers, wine producers, pubs and gardeners. In the Bulgarian traditions, the tribute to Triphon and the folk wine celebration - Trifon Zarezan is mixed.

The story and the life of the saint martyr is filled with many tortures he endures in the name of his strong faith. But in contrast, the stories of Trifon Zarezan are full of joy.

The legend of Trifon Zarezan reads as follows: It was the beginning of February and Triphon was preparing to go to the grapes. On the way, however, he met the Virgin with the baby and mocked her. The Holy Mother did not turn away from him, but as she passed his house, she sent his wife right on the vineyard to tie Triphon because you cut your nose.

Triphonida went to the vineyard and saw her husband intact to prune the vineyard. He wondered when he saw her so worried. The Triphon had told him the Virgin Mary's instructions. Her husband laughed again to prove he was not drunk and could not just cut off his nose, knocking on the knife - and cut his nose without asking.

Here comes the folk name of the feast: Trifon Zarezan, Trifon Chipia, Trifun Drunken.

The ancient Thracians worshiped God Dionysus, but with Christianity the Bulgarians had to change their traditions. However, the feast of Trifon Zarezan is the descendant of the Dionysian mysteries of the Thracians who celebrated fertility, joy and wine.

Traditionally, on the day of Trifon Zarezan, the housekeepers are grown up in the early morning, they smash bread, they fill the hen with rice, they make a toutman, toasted sausage and fried eggs, fill a bottle of wine and place the dishes in a colorful bag. The men are sent to the vineyard so that it can give good harvest and wine, such as the vineyard's lunch. The custom says that each farmer cuts a few sticks from his vineyard and wakes the wine with the wine, and from the sticks makes a wreath to decorate his head.

During the feast the king of the vineyard is also chosen, according to the harvest of last year, or the most deserved man in the village. The men made wreaths and geraniums of geranium, chipsir and vines twigs to the king. Then they made a feast of the vineyard with the lunch prepared by the women and tasted the qualities of the wine.

After the feast, they were taking the king to a "chariot" and rode to pull it. The men blessed each house and handled it with a loose bunch, and the hosts exported boilers full of wine, picked up the boys and watered the king's head for health. After the tour of the village, the feast continued until dawn on the megaman or in the king's house.